SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES|
|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual audited financial statements of the Company and should be read in conjunction with those annual audited financial statements filed on Form 10‑K for the year ended March 31, 2019. The interim disclosures generally do not repeat those in the annual statements. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
The changes in accounting policies in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements from the March 31, 2019 audited financial statements are described below.
Newly Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014‑09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The updated standard will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The new standard introduces a five-step process to be followed in determining the amount and timing of revenue recognition. It also provides guidance on accounting for costs incurred to obtain or fulfill contracts with customers and establishes disclosure requirements which are more extensive than those required under existing U.S. GAAP. The FASB has issued numerous amendments to ASU 2014‑09 from August 2015 through January 2018, which provide supplemental and clarifying guidance, as well as amend the effective date of the new standard. ASU 2014‑09, as amended, is effective for the Company in the interim period ended September 30, 2019. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or modified retrospective (cumulative effect) transition method. The Company adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company has adopted ASU‑2014‑1 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019 and it did not have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet and the consolidated results of operations.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015‑17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes,” which require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as noncurrent based on an analysis of each taxpaying component within a jurisdiction. ASU No. 2015‑17 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2017. The Company has adopted ASU‑2015‑17 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019 and it did not have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet or the consolidated results of operations.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016‑01 Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825‑10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The updates make several modifications to Subtopic 825‑10, including the elimination of the available-for-sale classification of equity investments, and it requires equity investments with readily determinable fair values to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in operations. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 2017. The Company has adopted ASU 2016‑01 for the year ended March 31, 2019 and it did not have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet and the consolidated results of operations.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016‑02, Leases. This update requires organizations that lease assets to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. The new guidance will also require additional disclosure about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The provisions of this update are effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has adopted ASU 2016‑02 and it did not have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of operations.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016‑15, “Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”. This ASU provides eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016‑15 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2017. The Company has adopted ASU 2016‑15 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated balance sheet or on the consolidated statement of cash flows.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (ASU 2017-09). The FASB issued the update to provide clarity and reduce the cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718. The amendments in this update provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The Company adopted ASU 2017-09 during the year ended March 31, 2019 and it did not have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet and the consolidated results of operations.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations: Clarifying the definition of a Business” which amends the current definition of a business. Under ASU 2017-01, to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create outputs. ASU 2017-01 further states that when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquitted is concentrated in a single asset (or a group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business.
The new guidance also narrows the definition of the term “outputs” to be consistent with how it is described in Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The changes to the definition of a business will likely result in more acquisitions being accounted for as asset acquisitions. ASU 2017-01 is effective for acquisitions commencing on or after September 30, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of this guidance will be applied prospectively on or after the effective date and the Company does not expect this policy will have a material effect on the consolidated balance sheet or consolidated statement of cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other” ASU 2017-04 simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test, which required a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, limited to the carrying value of the goodwill. ASU 2017-04 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years, and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASU 2017-04 will have on the consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of operations.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses of Financial Instruments, which introduces an expected credit loss methodology for the impairment of financial assets measured at amortized cost basis. The methodology replaces the probable, incurred loss model for those assets. The update if effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASU 2016-13 will have on the consolidated balance sheet and consolidated statement of operations.
The Company provides a one-year warranty as part of its normal sales offering. When products are sold, the Company provides warranty reserves, which, based on the historical experience of the Company are sufficient to cover warranty claims. Accrued warranty reserves are included in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated interim balance sheets and amounted to $165,207 at September 30, 2019 (March 31, 2019 - $143,500). The Company also sells extended warranties for additional periods beyond the standard warranty. Extended warranty revenue is deferred and recognized as revenue over the extended warranty period. The Company recognized $26,912 of expenses related to warranty expenses and recorded this expense in cost of goods sold for the six-month period ended September 30, 2019 (September 30, 2018 – $10,108).
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef