SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2015
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and changes in these estimates are recorded when known. Significant estimates made by management include: the valuation of the warrant derivative liability and the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets.
The selection of the appropriate valuation model to apply to the warrant derivative liability and the related inputs and assumptions that are required to determine that valuation require significant judgment and require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of the related liability and reported amounts of the change in fair value. As the derivative warrant liability is required to be measured at fair value at each reporting date it is reasonably possible that these estimates and assumptions could change in the near term.
Foreign Currency Translation
On April 1, 2015, Bionik Canada and Bionik Acquisition Inc. changed its functional currency from the Canadian Dollar to the U.S. Dollar. This reflects the fact that the majority of the Company’s business is influenced by an economic environment denominated in U.S. currency as well the Company anticipates revenues to be earned in U.S. dollars. The change in accounting treatment was applied prospectively. The functional currency is separately determined for the Company and each of its subsidiaries, and is used to measure the financial position and operating results. The functional currency of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. Transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. After initial recognition, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the end of each reporting period into the functional currency at the exchange rate at that date. Exchange differences are recognized in profit or loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities measured at cost are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using the declining balance method, over the estimated useful lives of these assets. The costs of improvements that extend the life of equipment are capitalized. All ordinary repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Property and equipment are depreciated as follows:
The Company has yet to recognize any revenue. The Company intends to record revenue when it is realized, or realizable and earned. The Company will consider revenue to be realized, or realizable and earned, when the following revenue recognition requirements are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; the products or services have been accepted by the customer via delivery or acceptance; the sales price is fixed or determinable; and collectability is reasonably assured.
Government Grant and Input Tax Credit Recoveries
The Company receives certain grant and input tax credit recoveries from the Canadian government in compensation for eligible expenditures. These are presented as other income in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss as they generally relate to a number of the Company’s operating expenses, such as salaries and benefits, research and development and professional and consulting fees. The recoveries are recognized in the corresponding period when such expenses are incurred and collection of the grant funds is assured.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include highly liquid investments with original terms to maturity of 90 days or less at the date of purchase. For all periods presented cash and cash equivalents consisted entirely of cash.
Research and Development
The Company is engaged in research and development work. Research and development costs are charged as operating expense of the Company as incurred.
Warrant Derivative Liability
The Company’s derivative warrant instruments are measured at fair value using a simulation model which takes into account, as of the valuation date, factors including the current exercise price, the expected life of the warrant, the current price of the underlying stock, its expected volatility, holding cost and the risk-free interest rate for the term of the warrant (Note 10). The warrant derivative liability is revalued at each reporting period and changes in fair value are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss under the caption “Change in fair value of warrant liability”.
ASC 280-10, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information”, establishes standards for the way that public business enterprises report information about operating segments in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Operating segments are components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company does not have any reportable segments. All of its operations and assets are domiciled in Canada.
Income taxes are computed in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 740, which requires, among other things, a liability approach to calculating deferred income taxes. The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in its consolidated financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax liabilities and assets are determined based on the difference between the financial statement carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company is required to make certain estimates and judgments about the application of tax law, the expected resolution of uncertain tax positions and other matters. In the event that uncertain tax positions are resolved for amounts different than the Company’s estimates, or the related statutes of limitations expire without the assessment of additional income taxes, the Company will be required to adjust the amounts of related assets and liabilities in the period in which such events occur. Such adjustment may have a material impact on Bionik’s income tax provision and results of operations.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Included in the ASC Topic 820 framework is a three level valuation inputs hierarchy with Level 1 being inputs and transactions that can be effectively fully observed by market participants spanning to Level 3 where estimates are unobservable by market participants outside of the Company and must be estimated using assumptions developed by the Company. The Company discloses the lowest level input significant to each category of asset or liability valued within the scope of ASC Topic 820 and the valuation method as exchange, income or use. The Company uses inputs which are as observable as possible and the methods most applicable to the specific situation of each company or valued item.
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, other receivables, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and due from related parties approximate fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rates of interest. Per ASC Topic 820 framework these are considered Level 2 inputs where inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
As at December 31, 2015, the Company’s warrant derivative liability is measured at fair value at each reporting period using a simulation model based on Level 3 inputs.
The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers into and out of Level 3 as of the date of the event or change in the circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no such transfers during the year.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
Basic and diluted loss per share has been determined by dividing the net loss available to shareholders for the applicable period by the basic and diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding, respectively. The diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding is calculated as if all dilutive options had been exercised or vested at the later of the beginning of the reporting period or date of grant, using the treasury stock method.
Loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common shares outstanding during the period. Common share equivalents, options and warrants are excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share when their effect is anti-dilutive, as they are in 2015 and 2014.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company follows the ASC Topic 360, which requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying amounts may not be recoverable. In performing the review for recoverability, if future undiscounted cash flows (excluding interest charges) from the use and ultimate disposition of the assets are less than their carrying values, an impairment loss represented by the difference between its fair value and carrying value, is recognized. When properties are classified as held for sale they are recorded at the lower of the carrying amount or the expected sales price less costs to sell.
Certain amounts have been reclassified within the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the nine month period ended December 31, 2014, in order to conform with current presentation. There was no impact to the previously reported net loss.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”. The standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The accounting standard is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is not permitted. The impact on our consolidated financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-09 will be assessed by management.
In August 2014, the FASB issued a new financial accounting standard on going concern, ASU No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Sub-Topic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.” The standard provides guidance about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about the organization’s ability to continue as a going concern. The amendments in this Update apply to all companies. They become effective in the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. The impact on the consolidated financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-15 will be assessed by management.
In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, “Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments,” which illustrates certain guidance governing adjustments to the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date with a corresponding adjustment to goodwill. Such adjustments are required when new information is obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the measurement amounts initially recognized or would have resulted in the recognition of additional assets and liabilities. ASU No. 2015-16 eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for such adjustments. ASU No. 2015-16 is effective for the fiscal year commencing on January 1, 2016. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of ASU No. 2015-16 will have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or the consolidated results of operations and comprehensive loss.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes,” which requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as noncurrent based on an analysis of each taxpaying component within a jurisdiction. ASU No. 2015-17 is effective for the fiscal year commencing on January 1, 2017. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of ASU No. 2015-17 will have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or the consolidated results of operations.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef