SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2015
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those annual audited financial statements filed on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2014. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company's financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”. The standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The accounting standard is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is not permitted. The impact on the condensed interim financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-09 will be assessed by management.
On August 27, 2014, the FASB issued a new financial accounting standard on going concern, ASU No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Sub-Topic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.” The standard provides guidance about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about the organization’s ability to continue as a going concern. The amendments in this Update apply to all companies. They become effective in the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. The impact on the condensed interim financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-15 will be assessed by management.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial statements.
Significant Judgments - Warrant Derivative Liability
The Company’s derivative warrant instruments are measured at fair value using a simulation model which takes into account, as of the valuation date, factors including the current exercise price, the expected life of the warrant, the current price of the underlying stock, its expected volatility, holding cost and the risk-free interest rate for the term of the warrant (Note 10). The warrant derivative liability is revalued at each reporting period and changes in fair value are recognized in the condensed consolidated interim statements of operations and comprehensive loss under the caption “Change in fair value of warrant derivative liability”.
The selection of the appropriate valuation model and the inputs and assumptions that are required to determine the valuation requires significant judgment and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of the related liability and reported amounts of the change in fair value. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and changes in these estimates are recorded when known. As the derivative warrant liability is required to be measured at fair value at each reporting date it is reasonably possible that these estimates and assumptions could change in the near term.
Foreign Currency Translation
On April 1, 2015, Bionik Canada and Bionik Acquisition Inc. changed its functional currency from the Canadian Dollar to the U.S. Dollar. This reflects the fact that the majority of the Company’s business is influenced by an economic environment denominated in U.S. currency as well the Company anticipates revenues to be earned in U.S. dollars. The change in accounting treatment is applied prospectively. The functional currency is separately determined for the Company and each of its subsidiaries, and is used to measure the financial position and operating results. The functional currency of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. Transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. After initial recognition, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the end of each reporting period into the functional currency at the exchange rate at that date. Exchange differences are recognized in profit or loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities measured at cost are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Included in the ASC Topic 820 framework is a three level valuation inputs hierarchy with Level 1 being inputs and transactions that can be effectively fully observed by market participants spanning to Level 3 where estimates are unobservable by market participants outside of the Company and must be estimated using assumptions developed by the Company. The Company discloses the lowest level input significant to each category of asset or liability valued within the scope of ASC Topic 820 and the valuation method as exchange, income or use. The Company uses inputs which are as observable as possible and the methods most applicable to the specific situation of each company or valued item.
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, due from related parties approximate fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rates of interest. Per ASC Topic 820 framework these are considered Level 2 inputs where inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
As at March 31, 2015, the Company’s warrant derivative liability is measured at fair value at each reporting period using a simulation model based on Level 3 inputs.
The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers into and out of Level 3 as of the date of the event or change in the circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no such transfers during the period.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef