SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual audited financial statements of the Company and should be read in conjunction with those annual audited financial statements filed on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2018. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
This is the second set of the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements where ASU-2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” has been applied. The changes in accounting policies from those used in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements from the quarter ended September 30, 2018 are described below.
Newly Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial statements.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The updated standard will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The new standard introduces a five-step process to be followed in determining the amount and timing of revenue recognition. It also provides guidance on accounting for costs incurred to obtain or fulfill contracts with customers, and establishes disclosure requirements, which are more extensive than those required under existing U.S. GAAP. The FASB has issued numerous amendments to ASU 2014-09 from August 2015 through January 2018, which provide supplemental and clarifying guidance, as well as amend the effective date of the new standard. ASU 2014-09, as amended, is effective for the Company in the interim period ended June 30, 2018. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or modified retrospective (cumulative effect) transition method. The Company adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company has adopted ASU-2014-01 for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
As a result of the adoption of ASU-2014-09, the Company’s accounting policies have been updated. See “Revenue Recognition” below for these changes in accounting policies, as well as new disclosure requirements. The changes in accounting policies will also be reflected in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ending March 31, 2019.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes,” which require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as noncurrent based on an analysis of each taxpaying component within a jurisdiction. ASU No. 2015- 17 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2017. The Company has adopted ASU-2015-17 for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01 Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The updates make several modifications to Subtopic 825-10, including the elimination of the available-for-sale classification of equity investments, and it requires equity investments with readily determinable fair values to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in operations. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company has adopted ASU-2016-01 for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02,“
This update requires organizations that lease assets to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. The new guidance will also require additional disclosure about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The provisions of this update are effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASU 2016-02 will have on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”. This ASU provides eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2017. The Company has adopted ASU-2016-15 for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In January 2017, the FAS issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations: Clarifying the definition of a Business” which amends the current definition of a business. Under ASU 2017-01, to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create outputs. ASU 2017-01 further states that when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset (or a group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. The new guidance also narrows the definition of the term “outputs” to be consistent with how it is described in Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
The changes to the definition of a business will likely result in more acquisitions being accounted for as asset acquisitions. ASU 2017-01 is effective for acquisitions commencing on or after June 30, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of this guidance will be applied prospectively on or after the effective date.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other” ASU 2017-04 simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test, which required a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, limited to the carrying value of the goodwill. ASU 2017-04 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years, and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09,“
Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting (ASU 2107-9).”
The FASB issued the update to provide clarity and reduce the cost and complexity when applying guidance in Topic 718. The amendments in this update provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modifications accounting in Topic 718. ASU 2017-09 is effective for the Company in the interim period ended June 30, 2018. The Company adopted ASU-2017-09 during the quarter ended June 30, 2018 and it did not have material effect on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is recorded at standard cost, on the first-in, first-out basis. Work-in-progress and finished goods consist of materials, labor and allocated overhead.
The Company has adopted ASU-2014-09 with an initial application date of April 1, 2018. The updated accounting policies and the impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements and additional disclosures are detailed as follows:
The Company determines revenue recognition through the following steps: a) identification of the contract with a customer; b) identification of the performance obligation in the contract; c) determination of the transaction price; d) allocation of the transaction price for the performance obligations in the contract; and e) recognition of revenue when the Company satisfies a performance obligation.
Revenue is recognized when control of a product is transferred to a customer. Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in a contract with a customer, net of returns and discounts. Accruals for sales returns are calculated based on the best estimate of the amount of product that will ultimately be returned by customers, reflecting historical experience and the magnitude of non-conforming inventory claims made by the customers that have either been approved or are pending review.
Contract liabilities are recorded when cash payments are received or due in advance of the Company’s performance.
In the comparative period, revenue was measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns and discounts and was recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership has transferred to the customer. No revenue was recognized if there was significant uncertainties regarding recovery of the consideration due, the costs incurred or to be incurred could not be measured reliably, or there was continuing management involvement with the goods.
Impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements
ASU-2014-09 had no impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated interim statement of loss and comprehensive loss for the three and six month periods ended September 30, 2018.
Warranty Reserve and Deferred Warranty Revenue
The Company provides a one-year warranty as part of its normal sales offering. When products are sold, the Company provides warranty reserves, which, based on the historical experience of the Company are sufficient to cover warranty claims. Accrued warranty reserves are included in accrued liabilities on the balance sheet and amounted to $80,273 and $64,957 at September 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively. The Company also sells extended warranties for additional periods beyond the standard warranty. Extended warranty revenue is deferred and recognized as revenue over the extended warranty period. The Company recognized $5,208 and $15,316 of expense related to the change in warranty reserves and warranty costs incurred and recorded as an expense in cost of goods sold during the three and six month period ended September 30, 2018 (September 30, 2017 – $Nil and $Nil).
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. Transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. After initial recognition, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the end of each reporting period into the functional currency at the exchange rate at that date. Exchange differences are recognized in profit or loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities measured at cost are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. The estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions of the Company it may undertake in the future. Significant areas requiring the use of estimates relate to the valuation of inventory, revenue recognition, the useful life of equipment and intangible assets, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Included in the ASC Topic 820 framework is a three level valuation inputs hierarchy with Level 1 being inputs and transactions that can be effectively fully observed by market participants spanning to Level 3 where estimates are unobservable by market participants outside of the Company and must be estimated using assumptions developed by the Company. The Company discloses the lowest level input significant to each category of asset or liability valued within the scope of ASC Topic 820 and the valuation method as exchange, income or use. The Company uses inputs, which are as observable as possible, and the methods most applicable to the specific situation of each company or valued item.
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, due from related parties, demand loans, and convertible loans approximate fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments, their expected realization and their current market rates of interest. Per ASC Topic 820 framework these are considered Level 2 inputs where inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
The Company has recognized shares to be issued, stock options and warrants, for which it did not as of March 31, 2018 have sufficient authorized share capital to issue, as a liability that is measured at fair value based on Level 1 inputs, for the component related to shares to be issued, and Level 3 inputs for the measurement of the stock options and warrants using a valuation model, as disclosed in Notes 11 & 12. This was reversed in the quarter ended June 30, 2018, when the Company’s authorized capital was increased from 250,000,000 to 500,000,000 and gain on mark to market valuation of $2,048,697 was recognized.
The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers into and out of Level 3 as of the date of the event or change in the circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no such transfers during the quarter ended September 30, 2018.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef