SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2016
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those annual audited financial statements filed on Form 10-KT for the year ended March 31, 2016. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
Newly Adopted and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”. The standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance. The accounting standard is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is not permitted. The impact on the consolidated financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-09 will be assessed by management.
In August 2014, the FASB issued a new financial accounting standard on going concern, ASU No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Sub-Topic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.” The standard provides guidance about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about the organization’s ability to continue as a going concern. The amendments in this Update apply to all companies. They become effective in the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. The impact on the consolidated financial statements of adopting ASU 2014-15 will be assessed by management.
In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, “Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments,” which illustrates certain guidance governing adjustments to the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date with a corresponding adjustment to goodwill. Such adjustments are required when new information is obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the measurement amounts initially recognized or would have resulted in the recognition of additional assets and liabilities. ASU No. 2015-16 eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for such adjustments. ASU No. 2015-16 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2016. The Company has adopted this ASU No. 2015-16 as at and for the three and twelve-month periods ended March 31, 2016. There was no material effect on the consolidated financial position or the consolidated results of operations and comprehensive income (loss).
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes,” which requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as noncurrent based on an analysis of each taxpaying component within a jurisdiction. ASU No. 2015-17 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after December 15, 2017. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of ASU No. 2015-17 will have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or the consolidated results of operations.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This update requires organizations that lease assets to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. The new guidance will also require additional disclosure about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The provisions of this update are effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASI 2016-02 will have on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”. Several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transaction are simplified, including (a) income tax consequences; (b) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (c) classification on the statement of cash flows. The amendments are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASI 2016-09 will have on the consolidated financial position and the consolidated results of operations.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”. This ASU provides eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for the fiscal year commencing after November 1, 2018. The Company is still assessing the impact that the adoption of ASI 2016-15 will have on the consolidated statement of cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations: Clarifying the definition of a Business” which amends the current definition of a business. Under ASU 2017-01, to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create outputs. ASU 2017-01 further states that when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquitted is concentrated in a single asset (or a group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. The new guidance also narrows the definition of the term “outputs” to be consistent with how it is described in Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The changes to the definition of a business will likely result in more acquisitions being accounted for as asset acquisitions. ASU 2017-01 is effective for acquisitions commencing on or after June 30, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of this guidance will be applied prospectively on or after the effective date.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles Goodwill and Other” ASU 2017-04 simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test, which required a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, limited to the carrying value of the goodwill. ASU 2017-04 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years, and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019.
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is recorded at standard cost, which approximates actual cost, on the first-in first-out basis. Work in progress and finished goods consist of materials, labor and allocated overhead.
The Company recognizes revenue from product sales when persuasive evidence of an agreement with customer exists, products are shipped or title passes pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the amount due from the customer is fixed or determinable, collectability is reasonably assured, and there is no significant future performance obligation. Deposits are carried as liabilities until the requirements for revenue recognition are met.
Significant Judgments - Warrant Derivative Liability
The Company’s derivative warrant instruments are measured at fair value using a simulation model which takes into account, as of the valuation date, factors including the current exercise price, the expected life of the warrant, the current price of the underlying stock, its expected volatility, holding cost and the risk- free interest rate for the term of the warrant (Note 11). The warrant derivative liability is revalued at each reporting period and changes in fair value are recognized in the condensed consolidated interim statements of operations and comprehensive loss under the caption “Change in fair value of warrant derivative liability”.
The selection of the appropriate valuation model and the inputs and assumptions that are required to determine the valuation requires significant judgment and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of the related liability and reported amounts of the change in fair value. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and changes in these estimates are recorded when known. As the derivative warrant liability is required to be measured at fair value at each reporting date it is reasonably possible that these estimates and assumptions could change in the near term.
Warranty Reserve and Deferred Warranty Revenue
The Company provides a one-year warranty as part of its normal sales offering. When products are sold, the Company provides warranty reserves, which, based on the historical experience of the Company are sufficient to cover warranty claims. Accrued warranty reserves are included in accrued liabilities on the balance sheet and amounted to $64,957 at December 31, 2016 (March 31, 2016 - $Nil). The Company also sells extended warranties for additional periods beyond the standard warranty. Extended warranty revenue is deferred and recognized as revenue over the extended warranty period. The Company recognized $15,355 and $30,732 of expenses related to the change in warranty reserves and warranty costs incurred and recorded as an expense in cost of goods sold during the three and nine-month period ended December 31, 2016 (March 31, 2016 - $Nil).
Foreign Currency Translation
On April 1, 2015, Bionik Canada and Bionik Acquisition Inc. changed its functional currency from the Canadian Dollar to the U.S. Dollar. This reflects the fact that the majority of the Company’s business is influenced by an economic environment denominated in U.S. currency as well the Company anticipates revenues to be earned in U.S. dollars. The change in accounting treatment was applied prospectively. The functional currency is separately determined for the Company and each of its subsidiaries, and is used to measure the financial position and operating results. The functional currency of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. Transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. After initial recognition, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the end of each reporting period into the functional currency at the exchange rate at that date. Exchange differences are recognized in profit or loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities measured at cost are translated at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. Included in the ASC Topic 820 framework is a three level valuation inputs hierarchy with Level 1 being inputs and transactions that can be effectively fully observed by market participants spanning to Level 3 where estimates are unobservable by market participants outside of the Company and must be estimated using assumptions developed by the Company. The Company discloses the lowest level input significant to each category of asset or liability valued within the scope of ASC Topic 820 and the valuation method as exchange, income or use. The Company uses inputs, which are as observable as possible, and the methods most applicable to the specific situation of each company or valued item.
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, due from related parties approximate fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rates of interest. Per ASC Topic 820 framework these are considered Level 2 inputs where inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
As at December 31, 2016, the Company’s warrant derivative liability was measured at fair value at each reporting period using a simulation model based on Level 3 inputs.
The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers into and out of Level 3 as of the date of the event or change in the circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no such transfers during the period.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef